Overwintering strategies of the English grain aphid Sitobion avenae (F.).
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Overwintering strategies of the English grain aphid Sitobion avenae (F.).

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Published by University of East Anglia in Norwich .
Written in English


Book details:

Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.), University of East Anglia, School of Biological Sciences, 1986.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13848452M

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The English Grain Aphid (Sitobion avenae) is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It is a true bug and sucks sap from plants. It lives on grasses, sedge and rushes and can be a significant pest of cereals. This species act as a host of the entomophthoralean : Insecta. The English grain aphid is a yellow-green to reddish brown, medium sized aphid with black antennae, cornicles, and leg joints. It usually appears later in the season than the other cereal aphids. DAMAGE. English grain aphid is found on the leaves and stem of barley and oats, but in wheat it frequently colonizes the heads. It causes little.   The role of winter diapause in two aphid parasitoid species, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Aphidius rhopalosiphi DeStefani-Peres (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae), in host synchronization and the induction of cold hardiness was investigated. Parasitoids were reared during three successive generations on Sitobion avenae Fabricius, at 15°C under a photoperiod of 9 h light 15 h by: This species prefers temperate climates and cannot overwinter in the north of China. the reproductive strategy of aphids responding adult morphs of the English grain aphid Sitobion avenae.

Abstract. The overwintering strategies of 6 aphid pests of arable crops are discussed. Three, Sitobion avenae, Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum are important pests of cereals world‐wide. The other three, Aphis fabae, Acyrthosiphon pisum and Myzus persicae are serious pests of Vicia, Pisum and Solanum species respectively. All 6 aphids show a variety of overwintering strategies. Yield losses of wheat due to S. avenae, Sitobion miscanthi, Rhopalosiphum maidis and Rhopalosiphum padi under field conditions in India ranged from to % when the aphid population level exceeded 50 aphids per ear, and timely-sown wheat suffered more loss (%) than late-sown wheat (%) (Paramjit Singh et al., ). In this study, we investigated the impact of two nutritional-based biotic factors, symbionts and starvation, on the wing dimorphism in the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae, a devastating. Abstract. The English grain aphid Sitobion avenae F. has sporadical outbreaks causing yield losses of up to 10% in Northern Europe, and is one of the important vectors of Barley Yellow Dwarf virus (BYDV). Numerous tests have been done on wheat genotypes to assess their potential resistance to aphids. These studies revealed an interesting source of antibiosis in Triticum monococcum L. lines.

During a three‐year field survey of the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.) (Homoptera: Aphididae) and the parasitoid, Aphidius ervi Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae; represented by aphid mummies) on spring wheat, data sets were generated which consisted of 47 estimates of mean density (m aphids per tiller), variance (s 2), and the proportion of empty tillers (P 0) for S. avenae and The grain aphid, Sitobion avenae, is one of the most devastating pests of cereals worldwide. In this study, we performed the transcriptome analysis of salivary glands of S. avenae. A total of, assembled unigenes were identied in the salivary glands of aphids. Of the all obtained unigenes,,.%) and,.%) unigenes showed high. Newton, C., Overwintering strategies of the English grain aphid Sitobion avenae (F.). PhD thesis, University of East Anglia, UK. Life history traits were evaluated in the wing polyphenic. Carter, N. and Dewar, A. M. Forecasting outbreaks of the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae, with the aid of a simulation model. Mededelingen - Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent. 46 (2), pp.